Chemical composition of Artedia squamata L. essential oil

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Gülsüm YILDIZ, Betül DEMİRCİ, Ahmet DURAN, Kemal BAŞER


The genus Artedia L. (Apiaceae) is represented in Turkey by 485 species and altogether 511 taxa. The rate of species endemism in Turkey is 37.7%. The plant material was collected from the province of Kahramanmaraş, Turkey. The essential oils from fruits and aerial parts were obtained by hydrodistillation using a Clevenger type apparatus. Chemical compositions of the oils were analysed using the GC-FID and GC-MS techniques. The main components of fruits oil were characterized as 1-octadecanol (16.4%), hexadecanoic acid (16.2%), 1-hexadecanol (6.0%), spathulenol (5.5%), caryophyllene oxide (5.0%), bicyclogermacrene (4.1%) and dillapiol (3.0%). Major compounds of the oil from aerial parts were determined as α-pinene (39.0%), sabinene (36.0%) and terpinen-4-ol (3.2%).

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