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This study involved 48 male patients (35 who were subjected to sleeve gastrectomy, and 13 who were not
and considered a control group) who were obese and had body mass indexes of 40 kg/m2 and more and their ages
ranged between (20-50) years, all from the city of Mosul. The patients periodically visited the National Center for
Obesity Treatment, and their conditions were previously confirmed by specialist doctors through conducting a set
of tests, including calculating their body mass index. All patients included in the study met the criteria to be eligible
for surgical treatment of obesity, after which all patients underwent the sleeve gastrectomy operation in Al-Zahrawi
Private Hospital - Nineveh using laparoscopic surgery by doctors specialized in obesity surgery, and all patients were
followed up for (6) months after the operation.
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy led to positive effects on the studied chemical characteristics of blood
serum compared with the control group, represented by a significant decrease in the concentration of total
cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoproteins cholesterol, and very low density lipoprotein cholesterol, with a
significant increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in male obese patients compared with the control group
throughout the follow-up period.
The results of the present study showed a significant decrease in body mass index throughout the follow-up
period compared to the control group.