Charalampia Kloukina, Ekaterina-Michaela Tomou, Helen Skaltsa**
Department of Pharmacognosy & Chemistry of Natural Products, School of Pharmacy, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
*Corresponding author. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
In this present work, essential oil composition of cultivated commercially available Sideritis raeseri Boiss. & Heldr. and Sideritis scardica Griseb. from three different restricted areas of Kozani (central Greece) were studied. The essential oils were obtained by hydrodistillation in a modified Clevenger-type apparatus, and their analyses were performed by GC-MS. Monoterpene hydrocarbons constituted the main fraction of S. raeseri from Polirraxo (Kozani) and of S. scardica from Chromio (Kozani), while sesquiterpene hydrocarbons were the main group of S. raeseri from Metamorfosis (Kozani) and S. scardica from Metamorfosis (Kozani). Despite the different cultivations, some constituents were found even in different percentages in both samples of S. scardica: α-pinene, -pinene, cis-caryophyllene, bicyclogermacrene and germacrene D. It is noteworthy that the two samples of S. raeseri have totally different main constituents, which could be related to the different cultivation conditions, as well as to the known tendency of some Sideritis species to hybridize, which suggests further research.
Sideritis raeseri, Sideritis scardica, cultivation, composition of volatiles
Adams R.P. (2007). Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. 4th edn. Allured Publ. Corp., Carol Stream, IL.
Aligiannis, N., Kalpoutzakis, E., Chinou, I.B., Mitakou, S., Gikas, E., Tsarbopoulos, A. (2001). Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils of Five Taxa of Sideritis from Greece. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 49, 811–815.
Baser, K.H.C., Kirimer, N., Tümen, G. (1997). Essential Oil of Sideritis scardica Griseb. subsp. scardica. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 9, 205–207.
EMA/HMPC/39455/2015. Assessment report on Sideritis scardica Griseb.; Sideritis clandestina (Bory & Chaub.) Hayek; Sideritis raeseri Boiss. & Heldr.; Sideritis syriaca L., herba.
González-Burgos, E., Carretero, M.E., Gómez-Serranillos, M.P. (2011). Sideritis spp.: Uses, chemical composition and pharmacological activities-A review. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 135, 209-225.
Kırımer, N., Tabanca, N., Özek, T., Tümen, G., & K.H.C. Başer, K.H. (2000). Essential oils of annual Sideritis species growing in Turkey. Pharmaceutical Biology, 38, 106-111.
Koedam, A. (1986). Volatile oil composition of greek mountain tea (Sideritis spp.). Journal of Science and Food Agriculture, 37, 681–684.
Kokkalou, E. (1987). Constituents Entrainables A la Vapeur D’eau de Sideritis scardica Gris. ssp. scardica. Plantes Médicinales et Phytothérapie, 21, 262-266.
Kostadinova, E., Nikolova, D., Alipieva, K., Stefova, M., Stefkov, G., Evstatieva, L.V. & Bankova, V. (2007). Chemical constituents of the essential oils of Sideritis scardica Griseb. and Sideritis raeseri Boiss and Heldr. from Bulgaria and Macedonia. Natural Product Research, 21, 819–823.
Massada, Y. (1976). Analysis of Essential oil by GC/MS. J. Wiley & Sons, N. York.
Papageorgiou, V.P., Kokkini, S. & Argyriadou, N. (1982). Chemotaxonomy of the Greek species of Sideritis. 1. Components of the volatile fraction of Sideritis raeseri ssp. raeseri. In: Aromatic Plants Basic and Applied Aspects (World Crops:Production, Utilizafion, Description. Vol. 7) (Margaris, N.; Koedam, A,; Vokou, D., Eds) Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague, 1211-220.
Pljevljakušić, D., Šavikin, K., Janković, T., Zdunić, G., Ristić, M., Godjevac, D., Konić-Ristić, A. (2011). Chemical properties of the cultivated Sideritis raeseri Boiss. & Heldr. subsp. raeseri. Food Chemistry, 124, 226–233.
Todorova, M., Christov, R.C., Evstatieva, L.N. (2000). Essential Oil Composition of Three Sideritis Species from Bulgaria. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 12, 418–420.
Todorova, M, Trendafilova, A., Evstatieva, L.N., Antonova, D.V. (2013). Volatile components in Sideritis scardica Griseb. cultivar. Comptes rendus de l’Académie bulgare des sciences: sciences mathématiques et naturelles, 66, 507-512.
Todorova, M., Trendafilova, A. (2014). Sideritis scardica Griseb., an endemic species of Balkan peninsula: Traditional uses, cultivation, chemical composition, biological activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 152, 256–265.
Trendafilova, A.B., Todorova, M.N., Evstatieva, L.N., Antonova, D.V. (2013). Variability in the Essential‐Oil Composition of Sideritis scardica Griseb. from Native Bulgarian Populations. Chemistry & Biodiversity, 10, 484-492.
Van den Dool H., Kratz P.D. (1963). A generalization of the Retention Index System including linear temperature programmed Gas Liquid partition Chromatography. Journal of Chromatography, 11, 463-471.
- Volume 6, Issue 4
- Volume 6 Special Issue
- Volume 6, Issue 3
- Volume 6, Issue 2
- Volume 6, Issue 1
- Volume 5, Issue 4
- Volume 5, Issue 3
- Volume 5, Issue 2
- Volume 5, Issue 1
- Volume 4, Issue 4
- Volume 4, Issue 3
- Volume 4, Issue 2
- Volume 4, Issue 1
- Volume 3, Issue 4
- Volume 3, Issue 3
- Volume 3, Issue 2
- Volume 3, Issue 1
- Volume 2, Issue 4
- Volume 2, Issue 3
- Volume 2, Issue 2
- Volume 2, Issue 1
- Volume 1, Issue 2
- Volume 1, Issue 1